What is Hemp?


Want to Learn About Hemp?

Hemp is the industrial term for the Cannabis sativa L plant. Commonly confused with its sister plant marijuana (originally marihuana), industrial hemp contains no or extremely little Tetrahydrocannabinoids (THC), the psychoactive that gives the high when smoked.

Industrial hemp is not grown to produce the flowers of the female plants (the buds that are smoked). The resin glands on the female buds aren’t given the opportunity to grow, thus taking away the primary component in the plant that gives you the high. Industrial hemp also has a higher concentration on Cannabidiols (CBD) that has a negative effect on the THC if it were smoked. Cannabis sativa is commonly harvested and used for industrial/commercial purposes whereas Cannabis Indica (another member of the Cannabis sativa family) it’s grown for its high THC content.

Like many other plants such as cotton, flax or jute, hemp is grown and harvested for many purposes. Unlike cotton, flax or jute the hemp plant is far more versatile and none of the plant goes to waste. The fibres of the plant can be used to make clothing, thread, twine, and rope. The seeds can be used for cooking along with the oil extracted from the hemp seed which can also be used for cooking or even engine lubrication. The biomass of the hemp plant can be used for fuel and even the left overs of the plant can be used as mulch or pet bedding. All of this can be achieved while replenishing the soil that the hemp grows in and help the environment with no or minimal pesticide use. Just imagine, the very machines that harvest the hemp could be running on hemp fuel, its engines lubricated with hemp seed oil, and a majority of its exterior and interior built from hemp also. Henry Fords hemp car built in 1941 is a great example of this.


Key to Diagram of Cannabis Sativa L. Plant

    1. Top of male plant in flower.
    2. Top of the female plant in flower.
    3. Seedling.
    4. Leaflet from a large leaf.
    5. Portion of a staminate in florescence, with buds and mature male flower.
    6. Female flowers, with stigmas protruding from hairy bract.
    7. Fruit enclosed in persistent hairy bract.
    8. Fruit, lateral view.
    9. Fruit, end view.
    10. Glandular hair with multicellular stalk.
    11. Glandular hair with short, one-celled invisible stalk.
    12. Non glandular hair containing a cystolith.

Hemps possibilities are endless, and if we all work together we can help reverse global warming, the poisoning of our soils and water ways, and the mass deforestation of our oldest forests all with hemp.



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